Meaning of Writ; A written command, precept or formal order issued by a Court.
Traditional English writs-Following are the traditional English Writs:
- Habeas Corpus
- Quo Warranto
Mandamus. Writ of Mandamus is to direct a person performing functions in connection with the affairs of the Federation, Provincial or a Local Authority to do anything which he is required by law to do.
Prohibition. Writ of prohibition is to refrain a person performing functions in connection with the affairs of the Federation, province or a Local Authority to refrain from doing anything he is not permitted by law to do.
Certiorari. Writ of Certiorari is to seek a declaration that any act or proceedings by a person performing functions in connection with the affairs of the Federation, Province or a Local Power has been done or taken “without legal authority and is of no Lawful effect”. Similar remedies against private persons are available under the Specific Relief Act through suits may be instituted against Public Functionaries in the Civil Courts too.
Habeas Corpus. Writ of Habeas Corpus is to direct any person in custody be brought to the Court so that the Court may satisfy itself that he is not being held in custody without legal authority or in an unlawful manner. This writ may be against any Person or Authority and may be filed by any person whether aggrieved or not.
Quo Warranto. Writ of Quo-warranto is to require any person holding a Public Office to show under what authority of Law, he claims to hold that Office. This writ may be issued on the application of any person whether aggrieved or not.