English, Grammar

Rules and Types of Article in English Grammar

Rules and Types of Article in English Grammar

Article Definition: The words that come before the noun known as an article. A, an and the are articles.

Examples:

  1. She saw the doctor.
  2. Let’s go to the club.
  3. The dog is a useful animal.

Note: Bold words are articles.

TYPES OF ARTICLES

1.Indefinite Articles: A or an is known as indefinite articles. Indefinite articles leave indefinite the person or things.

Examples:

  1. Twelve inches make a foot.
  2. One evening a beggar came.
  3. A tutee should obey his tutor.

Note: Given bold words are indefinite articles.

2.Definite Article: The is known as a definite article. Definite article which points out some particular person or things.

Examples:

  1. The horse is a noble animal.
  2. The darkest cloud has a silver lining.
  3. The boy cried.

Note: Bold words are definite article.

RULES OF ARTICLES

Rule#1:

  • Use a before consonant sounds.
  • Use an before vowel sounds.

Examples:

  1. A university.
  2. An European.
  3. An hour.

Rule#2:

  • Use a or an only with countable nouns.
  • A or an is not used before plural words.

    Examples:

  1. An elephant
  2. An interesting story,
  3. An hour.

    Note: a or an is not used before uncountable nouns like water, sugar milk, air etc.

Rule#3:

  • Use a or an to talk about a person or things unknown to your listener.
  • Use the to talk about a person or thing known to your listener.

     Examples:

  1. I planted the trees in my garden.
  2. Can you open a window?

Rule#4

  • Use a or an to talk about nonspecific things or people.

     Examples:

  1. Do you have a pencil?
  2. If you are feeling sick, you should go and see a doctor.

Rule#5

  • Use a or an to mention the category or type of a person or thing.

       Examples:

  1. You can use your TV as a laptop monitor.
  2. Ali’s daughter is an intelligent girl.
  3. I would like to become a member of your library.

Rule#6

  • Generalize with plurals or uncountable noun with no article.

Examples:

  1. A teacher should be friendly to her student.
  2. The dolphin is a very intelligent animal.

Rule#7

  • Use no articles before proper nouns n fixed expressions like at work, go to bed, at home, at noon, at night, on Sunday.
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