English, Grammar

Types of Preposition

Types of Preposition

PREPOSITION AND ITS TYPES

Definition Preposition: The word which shows the position of one thing with reference to other known as preposition. It is placed before after noun or pronoun. It Always governs a noun or pronoun as an object. Usually, prepositions are by, to, like, about, through, over, with, on, in, of, etc.

Example:

  1. There is a goat in the field.
  2. She is fond of milkshake.
  3. John jumped off the chair.

Note: Given bold words are prepositions.

TYPES OF PREPOSITION

1.Simple preposition: Preposition which usually contain only two syllables known as simple preposition. AT, by, for, in, till, up, with, out, through are simple preposition.

Syllable: Syllable is a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word.

Example:

  1. I will eat with you tonight.
  2. She goes to the theatre.
  3. She is in time for meals.

Note: Given bold words are simple prepositions.

2.Compound preposition: Prepositions which are generally formed by prefixing a preposition to a noun, an adjective or an adverb known as a compound preposition. About, above, across, amongst, below, behind, inside, outside, within, without, etc.

Example:

  1. She was kept behind me.
  2. He went to Pakistan without me.
  3. Just below the pocket was a stain.

Note: Bold words are compound prepositions.

3.Phrase preposition: Groups of words used with the force of a single preposition known as phrase preposition. According to, by reason, in course of, in regard to etc. are phrase prepositions.

Example:

  1. There is a big tree in front of her house.
  2. On behalf of the staff, she read address.
  3. She persevered in spite of difficulties.

Note: given bold words are phrase prepositions.

Kinds of Prepositions                                                                           (According to their Function)

1.Prepositions of Time: Prepositions which tell us about time in a sentence known as Prepositions of Time. For example, in, on, at.

Example:

  1. This is my bag in the last three years.
  2. I will go for an exam on Monday.
  3. The stars shine at night.

Note: Bold words are prepositions of time because they denote time.

2. Prepositions of Place: Prepositions which tell us about place in a sentence known as Prepositions of Time. For example, on, in, at.

Example:

  1. I was in a hall.
  2. The book is on the table.
  3. John is at the bus stop.

Note: Bold words Prepositions of place.

 3.Prepositions of Direction: Prepositions which tell us about direction in a sentence known as Prepositions of direction. For example, into, to, through, towards.

Example:

  1. We are going to home.
  2. She threw a ball into water.
  3. He was coming towards her.

Note: Bold words denote direction known as preposition of direction.

4. Prepositions of Agent: Prepositions which act as an agent between noun and usually verb known as Prepositions of Agent. For example, by, with.

Example:

  1. Homework was finished by me.
  2. John graduated with an honorary degree.
  3. Kid was hit by a car.

Note: Bold words are prepositions of agent.

5.Prepositions of Instruments, devices or Machines: Prepositions which tell us about Instruments, devices or Machines in a sentence known as Prepositions of direction. For example, on, by, with the help of etc.

Example:

  1. She went to home by bus.
  2. This door can’t be open with key.
  3. He checked the patient with the help of a stethoscope.

Note: Above bold words are preposition of Instruments, devices or Machines.

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3 thoughts on “Types of Preposition

  1. I haven’t checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

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