English, Grammar

Types of Preposition

Types of Preposition


Definition Preposition: The word which shows the position of one thing with reference to other known as preposition. It is placed before after noun or pronoun. It Always governs a noun or pronoun as an object. Usually, prepositions are by, to, like, about, through, over, with, on, in, of, etc.


  1. There is a goat in the field.
  2. She is fond of milkshake.
  3. John jumped off the chair.

Note: Given bold words are prepositions.


1.Simple preposition: Preposition which usually contain only two syllables known as simple preposition. AT, by, for, in, till, up, with, out, through are simple preposition.

Syllable: Syllable is a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word.


  1. I will eat with you tonight.
  2. She goes to the theatre.
  3. She is in time for meals.

Note: Given bold words are simple prepositions.

2.Compound preposition: Prepositions which are generally formed by prefixing a preposition to a noun, an adjective or an adverb known as a compound preposition. About, above, across, amongst, below, behind, inside, outside, within, without, etc.


  1. She was kept behind me.
  2. He went to Pakistan without me.
  3. Just below the pocket was a stain.

Note: Bold words are compound prepositions.

3.Phrase preposition: Groups of words used with the force of a single preposition known as phrase preposition. According to, by reason, in course of, in regard to etc. are phrase prepositions.


  1. There is a big tree in front of her house.
  2. On behalf of the staff, she read address.
  3. She persevered in spite of difficulties.

Note: given bold words are phrase prepositions.

Kinds of Prepositions                                                                           (According to their Function)

1.Prepositions of Time: Prepositions which tell us about time in a sentence known as Prepositions of Time. For example, in, on, at.


  1. This is my bag in the last three years.
  2. I will go for an exam on Monday.
  3. The stars shine at night.

Note: Bold words are prepositions of time because they denote time.

2. Prepositions of Place: Prepositions which tell us about place in a sentence known as Prepositions of Time. For example, on, in, at.


  1. I was in a hall.
  2. The book is on the table.
  3. John is at the bus stop.

Note: Bold words Prepositions of place.

 3.Prepositions of Direction: Prepositions which tell us about direction in a sentence known as Prepositions of direction. For example, into, to, through, towards.


  1. We are going to home.
  2. She threw a ball into water.
  3. He was coming towards her.

Note: Bold words denote direction known as preposition of direction.

4. Prepositions of Agent: Prepositions which act as an agent between noun and usually verb known as Prepositions of Agent. For example, by, with.


  1. Homework was finished by me.
  2. John graduated with an honorary degree.
  3. Kid was hit by a car.

Note: Bold words are prepositions of agent.

5.Prepositions of Instruments, devices or Machines: Prepositions which tell us about Instruments, devices or Machines in a sentence known as Prepositions of direction. For example, on, by, with the help of etc.


  1. She went to home by bus.
  2. This door can’t be open with key.
  3. He checked the patient with the help of a stethoscope.

Note: Above bold words are preposition of Instruments, devices or Machines.

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3 thoughts on “Types of Preposition

  1. I haven’t checked in here for some time as I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

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